Music & Dance Of Himachal Pradesh

Music of Himachal Pradesh The music of Himachal Pradesh a state of India located in the northwest corner of the country includes many kinds of folk songs from the area, many of which are sung without accompaniment.


Jhoori is a type of song that celebrates extramarital romance. It is popular in Mahasu and Sirmaur, and is accompanied by a female dance called jhoomar. Laman songs from Kullu Valley are another type of love song. Saṃskāra songs are sung at festivals and celebrations by women from some of the higher castes. These songs are based on ragas, which are compositions of Indian classical music, as are the martial jhanjhotis. Ainchaliyan are religious songs, sung at the bride's house after a wedding and by women at the home of an unmarried girl. In Chamba-Pangi, wandering musicians play a khanjari (tambourine) and perform, also using string puppets.

Musical instruments


Himachal Pradesh folk music features a wide variety of drums, including dammama, damanght, gajju, doru, dhaunsa, nagara, dholku, nagarth,tamaka, dafale, dhol, dolki and hudak. Non-drum percussion instrumnts include the ghanta and ghariyal (gongs), chimta (tongs), manjira and jhanjh(cymbals), ghungru (bells), thali (platter) and kokatha murchang.


There are also wind instruments like algoja/algoza (twin flutes), peepni, shehnai (oboe), bishudi (flute), karnal (straight brass trumpet) and ranasingha(curved brass trumpet).


String instruments include gramyang, riwana (small fretless lute), sarangi (bowed lute), jumang, ruman, ektara and kindari davatra.


There are many dialects in Himachal Pradesh. Each district has its own dialect. Mohit Chauhan's 'morni', Karnail Rana's various folk songs,Dheeraj's love songs and Thakur Das Rathi's 'Naatis' has given great contribution to enrich the music of Himachal Pradesh.


The dhantara is a bowed string instrument found in Himachal Pradesh state of India. The instrument is similar to the classical sarangi ,but is more primitive, having only three melody strings and no tarab (sympathetic strings). The instrument is popular among the Gaddi people of that state, and often decorated with flowers.

Karnal instrument

The karnal is a large, straight brass trumpet, over a metre long, played in parts of Northern India and Nepal. It has a prominent bell resembling a datura flower. It is used on ceremonial occasions, such as the processions of village deities. It is often included among the five instruments of the Nepali pancai baja ensemble.


The ransingha (also spelled narsiha, narsingha) is a type of primitive trumpet used in parts of India. The instrument is made of two metal curves, joined together to form an "S" shape.

Aadarsh Rathore 

(Adarsh Rathore) (born 12 June 1988) is an Indian journalist, musician and folk singer of Himachal Pradesh, most known for his rap song, Dhikkar Hai about the corruption in 2010 Commonwealth Games, New Delhi. He became popular in social networking sites after it was uploaded online. Born in Joginder Nagar, Himachal Pradesh, he works as online journalist with The Times Group. Earlier he was working in a news channel. He had initiated a campaign against the rampant corruption in CWG New Delhi. His song for the campaign was a big hit among the internet users worldwide. He bears the title to be the first rapper in Himachali Dialect. He was appreciated  for his Himachal Version of Kolaveri Di.


The riwana is a type of fretless lute played in Himachal Pradesh, generally with four strings, and an additional string starting from mid-way down the neck, like the American five-string banjo. As for the music of Himachal Pradesh is concerned, there is no classical forming though there plenty of folk music to listen to. The folk stories of mountainous regions often find a mention in these music. The stories range from romance, chivalry and changing seasons. Musical instruments that are quiet frequently used by the artists here Ranasingha, Karna, Turhi, Flute, Ektara, Kindari, Jhanjh, Manjara, Chimta, Ghariyal, and Ghunghru.

Music and dance in Himachal Pradesh revolves around religion. Through their dance and music, people entreat gods during festivals and other special occasions. There are also dances that are specific to certain regions and are best performed by the people of that area.